46. Grobina cemeteries and settlement, Latvia

The area of the cemeteries in Grobina, with their contents of Scandinavian traces in the form of graves and settlement, close to a small river. For further information, please follow this link.

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Places to visit

  1. 1.Vikingeskipshuset

  2. 2.Borre cemetery

  3. 3.Moster church

  4. 4.Urnes stave church

  5. 5.Stiklestad battlefield

  6. 6.Borg chieftains’s house

  7. 7.Viking Museum

  8. 8.Viking town Birka

  9. 9.Riunic monuments

  10. 10. Old Uppsala

  11. 11. Mound of Arnund

  12. 12. Sigurd rock carving

  13. 13. The Rök stone

  14. 14. County Museum, Gotland

  15. 15. Gettlinge cemetery

  16. 16. Ale’s ship-setting

  17. 17. Nationa museum Denm.

  18. 18. The Ladby ship

  19. 19. Vikingeskipshallen

  20. 20. Trelleborg fortress

  21. 21. Lindholm Høje

  22. 22. Fyrkat fortress

  23. 23. Jelling stone, graves

  24. 24. Moesgård Museum

  25. 25. Viking town of Ribe

  26. 26. National Museum of Iceland

  27. 27. Arnastofnun Institute

  28. 28. Thinvellir

  29. 29. Stöng farmhouse

  30. 30. Reykholt

  31. 31. Brattahlid

  32. 32. L’Anse aux Meadows

  33. 33. Kvivik farmstead

  34. 34. Lindisfarne monastery

  35. 35. Viking town of York

  36. 36.Gosforth Cross

  37. 37. Jarlshof

  38. 38. Brough of Birsay

  39. 39. Maes Howe

  40. 40. Kolbein Hruga’s Castle

  41. 41. Nationa Museum, Scotland

  42. 42. Isle of Man

  43. 43. Viking Dublin

  44. 44. Waterfoed and Limerick

  45. 45. Bayeux tapestry

  46. 46. Viking town of Hedeby

  47. 47. Vanhallina hillfort

  48. 48. Novgorod

  49. 49. Grobina

  50. 50. Wolin

Very little evidence of, Scandinavian settlement has been found in the eastern Baltic area, outside of the towns and trading places which grew up along the shores of the Baltic Sea in the pre-Viking and Viking periods. One such was Grobina in modern Latvia.

Grobina seems to have been a centre of Scandinavian settlement on the Baltic Sea coast. It has a fort and at least three cemeteries containing grave goods of central Swedish and Gotlandic type. Recent investigations in the area have shown that one of the cemeteries contained no less than 3,000 burial mounds. The collection of objects recovered is very rich and some of the finds are unique in the Viking world.

In general, the different cemeteries at Grobina have been most thoroughly investigated, but other monuments are also known, for example hoards, pagan cult sites, settlements and fortifications. Six more or less definite hoards are known to have been found on or near the banks of the Alande river. The hoards of the 9th -12th century contained Cufic and Anglo-Saxon coins, silver ingots, silver and bronze ornaments (brooches, neckrings, bracelets) some of which where gilded.

A picture stone of sixth- or seventh-century date, for instance, clearly from Gotland or inspired by Gotlandic travellers (see no. 14), was found in one of the mounds and is the first object of this type to have been discovered on the eastern shores of the Baltic. A close connection with pre-Viking and Viking Gotlandic culture should not surprise us given that Grobina is only about the satRe distance from Gotland  as is Birka.

Grobina might be identified with the town of Seeburg, mentioned by the contemporary biographer, Rimbert, when describing its capture by the Svear in the mid ninth century.

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